15 Main Mountain Ranges in India: Oldest and Longest Mountain ranges in India

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Mountain ranges in India

India has among the main mountain ranges on this planet. It’s house to seven main mountain ranges which possess peaks of over 1000 meters.

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On this Weblog we cowl,

  • India and it’s Mountain ranges
  • Record of Mountain Ranges in India
  • Oldest Mountain Ranges in India
  • Longest and Youngest Mountain Ranges in India
  • Highest Peaks in India

India and its Mountain ranges

India is a land of big pure variety. From snow-capped mountains to dry deserts and sandy coastlines, the pure panorama is as various because the tradition and custom of the nation.

There are lots of mountain ranges in India, together with the longest and oldest mountain ranges on this planet.

All these mountain ranges in India have a profound impression on the climate circumstances, life-style, spiritual beliefs, and financial growth of the nation.

On this weblog, we are going to discover the 15 main mountain ranges in India.

Sl no Record of Mountain Ranges in India
1 The Himalayan Mountain Vary
2 The Western Ghats
3 The Japanese Ghats
4 The Aravalli Mountain Vary
5 The Karakoram and Pir Panjal Mountain Vary
6 The Purvanchal Mountain Vary
7 The Satpura and Vindhya Mountain Ranges
8 Zabarwan Vary
9 Japanese Himalaya
10 Western Himalaya
11 Pachaimalai Hills
12 Kudremukh
13 Sivalik Hills
14 Kaimur Vary
15 Decrease Himalayan Vary


1) The Himalayan Mountain Varygreat himalayas mountain range

Finest season to visit-Winter (December till Early-March)

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The Himalayan Mountain Ranges is 2,400 kilometers lengthy and traverses by way of 5 nations – India, Nepal, Tibet, Bhutan, and Pakistan.

It begins close to the Indus River in Pakistan and ends close to the Brahmaputra River in India.

The Himalayan states of India are Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and Jammu and Kashmir.

Whenever you have a look at the highest view of this mountain vary from area, it seems like an arch.

When it comes to age, the Himalayas is sort of a younger mountain vary because it was fashioned round 40 to 50 million years in the past.

The phrase “Himalayas” is derived from Sanskrit and means “The Land of Snow.”

This enormous mountain vary consists of three parallel ranges, that are often known as the Outer Himalayas (Shivalik vary), the Better Himalayas, and the Lesser Himalayas.

The Kali Gandaki Gorge is positioned at round 8000 kilometers distance from the beginning of the vary. This gorge divides the mountain vary into the Japanese and Western sections.

The world’s highest peak – Mount Everest in addition to three of the six highest peaks of the world is within the east of the Himalayas, within the Mahalangur Himal area.

The opposite three peaks are Cho Oyu, Lhotse, and Makalu.

It’s believed that the Himalayas have greater than 1500 glaciers and tons of of lakes that kind the largest supply of freshwater for the Himalayan nations.

The rivers that originate on this mountain vary are Ganges, Indus, Saraswathi, Yamuna, Yangtze, Ganga-Brahmaputra, Yarlung, and Nujiang.

2) The Western Ghats

Mountain ranges in india

Finest season to visit-After October

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The Western Ghats is 1600 kilometers lengthy, and extends from Gujarat to Tamilnadu, touring by way of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, and Kerala.

Geographical proof reveals that these mountain ranges are older than the Himalayas.

The Western Ghats are believed to have been fashioned about 150 million years in the past.

These mountain ranges have been declared as UNESCO World Heritage Web site for his or her biodiversity.

These Ghats are house to 7402 species of flowering crops, 6000 species of bugs, 1814 species of non-flowering crops, 508 species of birds, 179 species of amphibians, 290 species of freshwater fishes, and 139 species of mammals.

Of those 325 species are in globally threatened standing. There are 39 wildlife sanctuaries and nationwide parks within the Western Ghats area.

The Western Ghats should not simply protected for his or her biodiversity, but in addition due to their strategic affect on the monsoon rains.

These enormous mountains act as a barrier to the south-west monsoon winds and divert the rain-laden winds in direction of the Indian subcontinent.

The most important rivers that originate from the Western Ghats are Cauvery, Godavari, Krishna, Tungabadra, and Tamirabarani.

3) The Japanese Ghats

mountains in india

Finest season to visit-Between October and March

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The Japanese Ghats begin from Odissa within the North and journey right down to Tamilnadu, parallel to the Bay of Bengal. They go by way of sure areas in Karnataka, Kerala, and Andhra Pradesh.

In contrast to the Western Ghats, the Japanese Ghats should not a steady mountain vary.

Rivers flowing by way of the vary have eroded the mountains creating enormous gaps between stretches of undulating hills.

The 4 main rivers that circulate by way of the Japanese Ghats are Cauvery, Godavari, Mahanadi, and Krishna. The rivers that originate within the Japanese Ghats are Rushikulya, Vamsadhara, Sarada, Sabari, Nagavalli, Palar, Champavathi, Gosthani, Sileru, Tammileru, Pennai, Swarnamukhi, Penna, Gundlakamma, Kundu, and Vellar.

This discontinuous mountain vary known as by completely different names in several elements. In Odissa, these stretches are often known as the Chandragiri-Pottangi mountain system and Garhjat Hills.

In Tamilnadu, these discontinuous stretches are often known as Karanthamalai Hills, Sirumalai Hills, Pachamalai, Kollimalai, Kalrayan hills, Palani hills, Mettur hills, Servarayan hills, Javadhu Hills, and Shevaroy Hills.

Additionally Learn: Prime 12 Longest and Main Rivers in India

The Biligiriranga Hills and the Nilgiris Hills kind the hall between the Japanese and Western Ghats. In Karnataka, the mountain stretches are often known as Male Mahadeshwara Hills.

In Andhra, they’re often known as the Seshachalam-Velikonda Vary, Palikonda-Lankamalla-Nallamala Ranges, Kondapalli Hills, Papi Hills, Maliya Vary, and Madugula Konda vary.

4. The Aravalli Mountain Vary

mountain ranges in India

Finest season to visit-November to February

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The Aravalli Mountain ranges are one of many oldest ranges on this planet. Geologists imagine that these fold mountains existed even when the Indian subcontinent separated from the Eurasian plate.

Archeological excavations have discovered Harappa and Indus Valley Civilization websites in these mountain ranges.

The Aravalli Vary extends from Delhi and travels within the south-western route towards Gujarat, passing by way of South Haryana and Rajasthan.

A serious portion of this mountain vary lies in Rajasthan. Some elements of this mountain vary include thick forests and elsewhere have solely sand and stone.

These mountains are a wealthy supply of minerals comparable to rock phosphate, asbestos, talc, apatite, beryl, kyanite, lead, silver, and zinc.

The wealthy mineral deposits should result in extreme mining on this mountain area. Many naturalists are lobbying for the safety of those oldest fold mountains to stop them from changing into utterly destroyed.

These mountain ranges are the pure habitat of many wildlife. Plus, they create a pure barrier between jap Rajasthan and the Thar Desert. The rivers that originate within the Aravalli hills are Sabarmati, Luni, Sakhi, Sahibi, and Banas.

5) The Karakoram and Pir Panjal Mountain Vary

mountain ranges in India

Finest season to visit-March to August

The right way to get there: View on Map

These mountain ranges deceive the south and north-west of the Himalayas. A serious a part of the Karakoram Vary lies within the disputed area between India and Pakistan.

This mountain vary additionally passes by way of Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. Truly, the Pir Panjal vary is part of the Lesser Himalayas Mountain Vary.

These mountains begin from the Himalayas and separate from the vary close to the River Sutlej. From there, this vary travels individually with Ravi and Beas rivers on one aspect and the Chenab River on the opposite aspect.

This mountain vary boasts of the most important glacier exterior the poles – The Siachen Glacier. The second highest peak in India and the third highest peak on this planet – K2 can be on this mountain vary.

There are lots of passes and tunnels on this mountain vary. The Haji Pir Move positioned within the western a part of this mountain vary connects Poonch and Uri.

The opposite passes are Rohtang Move, Sinthan Move, Banihall Move, and Pir Panjal Move.

Tunnels comparable to Jawahar Tunnel, Banihal Qazigund Highway Tunnel, Atal Tunnel, and Banihal Railway Tunnel have improved accessibility to the villages and cities nestled within the Karakoram and Pir Panjal mountain vary.

6. The Purvanchal Mountain Vary

mountain ranges in India

Finest season to visit-Monsoon Season

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The Purvanchal mountain vary extends from the Himalayas towards the northeastern area of India, south of the Brahmaputra valley.

It travels by way of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Tripura, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Nagaland.

The hills on this mountain vary are Kohima, Patkai, Barail, Khasi–Jaintia, Naga Hills, Lushai, Manipur, and Mizoram Mizo. This mountain vary has the wettest place on earth – Cherrapunji.

7. The Satpura and Vindhya Mountain Ranges

mountain ranges in India

Finest season to visit-October and February

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The Satpura and the Vindya are parallel mountain ranges that go by way of the central a part of the nation.

Additionally Learn:  24 Most Well-liked Nationwide Festivals Of India

The Satpura mountain vary is triangle formed. The tip of the triangle is at Ratnapuri and the opposite two sides run parallel to the Tapti and Narmada Rivers that drain into the Arabian Sea.

This mountain vary travels by way of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Maharashtra.

The Vindhya mountain vary is without doubt one of the oldest mountain ranges in India and is a discontinuous vary of mountains. It travels from East to West by way of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.

The Vindhya hills close to Champaneer finish in a collection of hills, which join this mountain vary with the Aravalli mountain vary.

Tributaries of Ganga and Yamuna circulate into the Vindhya mountain ranges. The tributaries are Ken, Chambal, Betwa, Kali Sindh, Parbati, and Dhasan.

8) Zabarwan Vary

zabarwan range

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Finest season to visit- March to August

The Zabarwan Vary is located between Pir Panjal and Nice Himalayan Vary. It comes within the central a part of the Kashmir valley within the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir.

The north a part of Zabarwan vary lies in Ganderbal and the south finish lies in Pampore.

Madhav peak is the best peak of this vary.

This mountain vary possesses wealthy wildlife and is a house to animals together with jackal, leopard cat, musk deer, Himalayan brown bear, purple fox, langur, Himalayan weasel, long-tailed marmot, serow, Indian porcupine and so forth.

9) Japanese Himalaya

mountain ranges in India

Finest season to go to: Late October till early Might

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The Japanese Himalayas comprise the tracts of the Darjeeling Hills of North Bengal, jap Bhutan, Arunachal Pradesh, and Sikkim.

The Japanese Himalayas will be divided into completely different climatic areas comparable to subtropical, sub-arctic, artic, and temperate.

The forests listed here are evergreen, semi-evergreen, moist, dense, or temperate.  The subtropical forests cowl the hills to an extent of about 2000m.

This place is house to an enormous variety of animals together with clouded leopard, sluggish loris, the Indian civet, the golden languor, the golden cat, rhinoceros, and so forth.

Moreover, it’s also house to birds such because the snowcock, heron, the white-winged wooden duck, and extra.

In keeping with stories, Japanese Himalayas is house to :

  • 977 birds
  • 269 freshwater fish
  • 977 birds
  • 10,000 kinds of crops
  • 176 reptiles
  • 300 mammals
  • 105 amphibians

In Japanese Himalayas, a variety of wildlife sanctuaries and biosphere reserves have been set as much as defend the species from human encroachments and poachers.

This place harbors an incredible variety of life.

10) Western Himalaya

mountain ranges in India

Finest season to go to: Late October till early Might

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Western Himalayas or Punjab Himalayas are the westernmost a part of the huge Himalayan Mountains.  It lies within the areas of Kashmir,within the parts administered by India and Pakistan, and in addition within the northwestern a part of Himachal Pradesh.

The Western Himalayas lengthen to the southeast area for 560 kilometers from Indus River to Sutlej River.

The 5 tributaries of Indus River from the Punjabi area originate from the Western Himalayas particularly Beas, Chenab, Jhelum, Sutlej, and Ravi.

The Sivalik Vary, Nice Himalayas, Zanskar Vary, the Pir Panjal Vary, and the Dhola Dhar Vary are included inside Western Himalayas.

11. Pachaimalai Hills


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Finest season to visit- September- June

The Panchamalai Hills are a low mountain vary within the Japanese Ghats System, also referred to as Pacha is. They lie within the state of Tamil Nadu, 80 km north of Tiruchirapalli, within the elements of southeastern India.

Because the title denotes, ‘Pachai’ means ‘inexperienced’ in Tamil, the mountain vary’s vegetation is greener than among the different hills.

Pachaimalai hills have an altitude of about 500 m to 1000 meters above sea stage.

Main rivers on this vary are Kallar River and Sweata Nadi and waterfalls embody Mayil Uthu falls, Mangalam Aruvi falls, Koraiyar Falls and so forth. The mountain ranges encompass small areas like Kombainadu, Athinadu, Thenparanadu.

12) Kudremukh

mountain ranges in India

Finest season to go to: March-Might

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Kudremukh is a mountain vary and the title of a peak located in Karnataka, India. It’s the third highest peak in Karnataka.  The mountain is called “Kudremukh as a result of one aspect of this mountain resembles the face of a horse and therefore the title. Kudremukh in Kannada means “horse-faced”.

This mountain vary is roofed by lush inexperienced forests, hills, lakes, and valleys, so is a paradise for the character lover.  It’s the second-highest peak after Mullayanagiri.

13) Sivalik Hills

mountain ranges in India

Finest season to go to: September to November

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Actually, ‘Sivalik’ means’ tresses of Shiva’.  Sivalik Hills or  Churia Hills are a part of the outer Himalayas that extends from Indus River about 1500 miles eastwards to Bharathapuzha River.  Although solely 10 miles broad in locations, Sivalik Hills have a median elevation of three,000 to 4,000 toes. These ranges are the southern- most hills of the Himalayas.  There exists an everyday course from River Yamuna and River Ravi on the south of Western Himalaya.

14. Kaimur Vary


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Finest season to visit-  Jan- March, Oct-Dec

Kaimur Vary , also referred to as Kaimur Hills is the jap portion of the Vindhya Vary.  It’s a hill vary operating throughout Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. It’s about 483 kilometers lengthy extending from Madhya Pradesh to Bihar.

The width of this vary is about 50 miles. It is without doubt one of the most necessary spot of cultural and archaeological viewpoint.  Antiquarian stays comparable to cash, potteries, prehistoric rock work, inscriptions and so forth have additionally been discovered right here.

15) Decrease Himalayan Vary

mountain ranges in India

Finest season to go to: late October till early Might

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Decrease Himalayan Vary is also referred to as Mahabharata Vary, Lesser Himalaya, or the Himachal, with an elevation of about 3,700 – 4,500 m. The biggest vary of this main east-west mountain vary is Pir Panjal

The Decrease Himalayan Vary parallels the a lot greater Excessive Himalayan vary from Indus in Pakistan to Sikkim, Bhutan, Nepal, and India. It additionally parallels the Outer Himalayas to the south.

Oldest Mountain Vary in India

Aravalli Vary

Actually Aravalli means, ‘line of peaks’. Eroded by the traditional mountains, Aravalli Ranges are the oldest vary of fold mountains in India. The origin will be traced again to instances when the Indian Plate was separated from the Eurasian Plate by an ocean.

Youngest Mountain vary in India & Longest Mountain Vary in India

Himalayan Vary

Probably the most well-known Himalayan ranges are the youngest and longest mountain ranges in India. It additionally has virtually each largest peak of the world.

The Himalayan mountain ranges are the first supply of many mighty rivers in India.

50 Highest Peaks of India

Sl no Mountain Peak State Vary
1 Kangchenjunga 8586 Sikkim Kangchenjunga Himalaya
2 Nanda Devi 7816 Uttarakhand Garhwal Himalaya
3 Kamet 7756 Uttarakhand Garhwal Himalaya
4 Saltoro Kangri/K10 7742 Jammu and Kashmir Saltoro Karakoram
5 Saser Kangri I/K22 7672 Jammu and Kashmir Saser Karakoram
6 Mamostong Kangri 7516 Jammu and Kashmir Rimo Karakoram
7 Saser Kangri II E 7513 Jammu and Kashmir Saser Karakoram
8 Saser Kangri III 7495 Jammu and Kashmir Saser Karakoram
9 Teram Kangri I 7462 Jammu and Kashmir Siachen Karakoram
10 Jongsong Peak 7462 Sikkim Kangchenjunga Himalaya
11 K12 7428 Jammu and Kashmir Saltoro Karakoram
12 Kabru N 7412 Sikkim Kangchenjunga Himalaya
13 Ghent Kangri 7401 Jammu and Kashmir Saltoro Karakoram
14 Rimo I 7385 Jammu and Kashmir Rimo Karakoram
15 Teram Kangri III 7382 Jammu and Kashmir Siachen Karakoram
16 Kirat Chuli 7362 Sikkim Kangchenjunga Himalaya
17 Mana 7272 Uttarakhand Garhwal Himalaya
18 Apsarasas Kangri 7245 Jammu and Kashmir Siachen Karakoram
19 Mukut Parbat 7242 Uttarakhand Garhwal Himalaya
20 Rimo III 7233 Jammu and Kashmir Rimo Karakoram
21 Singhi Kangri 7202 Jammu and Kashmir Siachen Karakoram
22 Hardeol 7161 Uttarakhand Garhwal Himalaya
23 Chaukhamba I/Badrinath 7138 Uttarakhand Garhwal Himalaya
24 Nun-Kun 7135 Jammu and Kashmir Zanskar Himalaya
25 Pauhunri 7128 Sikkim Sikkim Himalaya
26 Pathibhara/The Pyramid 7123 Sikkim Kangchenjunga Himalaya
27 Trisul I 7120 Uttarakhand Garhwal Himalaya
28 Satopanth 7075 Uttarakhand Garhwal Himalaya
29 Tirsuli 7074 Uttarakhand Garhwal Himalaya
30 Chong Kumdang Ri 7071 Jammu and Kashmir Rimo Karakoram
31 Dunagiri 7066 Uttarakhand Garhwal Himalaya
32 Kangto 7060 Arunachal Pradesh Assam Himalaya
33 Nyegyi Kansang 7047 Arunachal Pradesh Assam Himalaya
34 Padmanabh 7030 Jammu and Kashmir Rimo Karakoram
35 Shudu Tsempa 7024 Sikkim Sikkim Himalaya
36 Chamshen Kangri/Tughmo Zarpo 7017 Jammu and Kashmir Saser Karakoram
37 Aq Tash 7016 Jammu and Kashmir Rimo Karakoram
38 Chong Kumdang Ri II 7004 Jammu and Kashmir Rimo Karakoram
39 Rishi Pahar 6992 Uttarakhand Garhwal Himalaya
40 Thalay Sagar 6984 Uttarakhand Garhwal Himalaya
41 Mt. Lakshmi 6983 Jammu and Kashmir Rimo Karakoram
42 Kedarnath Peak 6968 Uttarakhand Garhwal Himalaya
43 Langpo 6965 Sikkim Sikkim Himalaya
44 Saraswati Parvat I/Saraswati Peak 6940 Uttarakhand Garhwal Himalaya
45 Shahi Kangri 6934 Jammu and Kashmir Central Tibetan Plateau
46 Sri Kailas 6932 Uttarakhand Garhwal Himalaya
47 Kalanka 6931 Uttarakhand Garhwal Himalaya
48 Chorten Nyima Ri 6927 Sikkim Sikkim Himalaya
49 Saf Minal/Pk 6911 6911 Uttarakhand Garhwal Himalaya
50 Panchchuli II 6904 Uttarakhand Garhwal Himalaya

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In order that’s concerning the main mountain ranges in India. Hope you all have gotten a transparent imaginative and prescient concerning the main mountain ranges in India, after studying this weblog.

So lastly,

These mountain ranges in India are treasure troves of pure sources. They journey by way of the whole size and breadth of the Indian subcontinent.

These should not simply properties to the quite a few wildlife however have additionally performed an important position in shaping the tradition, custom, and economic system of the areas surrounding them.


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